The Grenada Healthcare System
In 2014, life expectancy at birth in Grenada was 74.1 years. In 1983 the infant mortality rate of 21.2 per 1,000 live births, rather better than other Eastern Caribbean islands.
Public spending on health was 3% of GDP in 2011, equivalent to US$479 per capita. In 2009, there were 98 doctors, and 398 nurses and midwives per 100,000 people. Primary health care services are generally free other than the cost of medicines, lab-work, or other diagnostics.
The Grenada healthcare policies and systems
The government of Grenada finances health through general taxation. A new financing mechanism, national health insurance is presently being considered by the Government of Grenada. The Health Sector Strategic plan 2015-24, sought to address the social determinants of Health, sustainable development goals among other issues. Since 2013, the following policies were developed: Mental Health, Adolescent Health, Sexual Reproduction Health, Chronic Non Communicable Disease, Pharmaceutical, Food Safety Policy and Nutrition.
The Ministry of Health is responsible for health service delivery and policy formulation and regulations. Health care is provided through 36 primary care facilities within 3 mile radius of communities throughout the country. There are also 3 acute care hospitals and a Psychiatric Hospital and services are also offered through the private health sector. The services are preventative, curative and rehabilitative and are also delivered through outreach and home visits.
In recent years, a central focus of the MOH has been to provide its citizenry with excellent primary care. To this end, primary health care services are usually offered free at public health centers. Citizens incur only a small fee for medicine, lab-work, or other diagnostics; and fees are waived for the elderly, children, and the indigent. Although there is no national health insurance, all Grenadians are required to participate in a social security program, the National Insurance Scheme, which provides coverage for work-related injuries.
The WHO framework convention of tobacco control has been ratified and the relevant legislation is awaiting approval. Grenada continues to work towards building and achieving the core capacity requirements for the International Health Regulations with full implementation of by 2018.The major core competence to be fulfilled are the areas of chemical and radiation emergencies.
There are 3 hospitals in the country namely: General Hospital which is the largest and is located at Grand Etang Road in St. Georges; Princess Alice Hospital is located in St. Andrews and Princess Royal Hospital which is located on the sister island of Carriacou. There is also a psychiatric hospital which is called the Mt. Gay Hospital located at Mt. Gay, St. George’s with a capacity of 100 beds. In addition, there is a home for the elderly called the Richmond Home which host approximately 100 beds and is located at Richmond Hill in St. George’s. The hospitals provide support to all of the health centers and medical stations in the country and offers a wide ranges of services, including, ambulance, laboratory, maternal, radiology, gynaecology, eye care and testing, dental and surgery, to name a few.
The General Hospital has approximately 198 beds and offers a wide variety of in-patient and out-patient medical services. If you are considering visiting any of the hospitals there are a few things to consider, such as the adherence of a visitors dress code, complete security checks & screening, a standard visiting policy, a non-smoking policy and a zero tolerance use of cellular phones in the wards.
At the General Hospital there is a private ward of air conditioned rooms. These rooms are furnished with bathrooms, cable-television sets and telephone, and the best part is they are more than reasonably priced.
If you visit any of the island’s hospitals, Health centers or medical stations throughout the island you will be sure to find a caring and dedicated team of highly trained healthcare providers, committed to ensuring your full recovery from illness.
The Ministry of Health has limited information on the levels of coverage and modalities of delivery of the various health insurance modalities. There are a number of private insurance companies operating. The insurance companies are all registered and they are mainly located in the capital. Main financing is from their clientele. Some offer group insurance plans. The insurance companies do not possess resources for delivering health care but instead they purchase health care for their clients. There is a National Insurance Scheme that is a pension plan, but has certain health benefits.
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Read more about frequently asked questions about Grenada Citizenship by investment program.